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621), a stream rather more than a mile broad is suddenly precipitated into a fissure about 370 feet deep and only about 250 feet broad, from which immense columns of vapour are continually ascending. At the Victoria Falls on the Zambesi in South Africa (p. THE WOULD AS IT IS: A POPULAR ACCOUNT OF THE COUNTRIES AND PEOPLES OF THE EARTH. A glance at the table of contents will acquaint the reader more precisely with the nature of the topics dealt with in this part of the work. Ramsay points put that in Loch Etive in Argyleshire, where, between Oban and Taynuilt, the water at low tide rushes from the upper part of the loch over a barrier which rises above the low-tide level, we have an in- stance of an inland lake in the process of being formed in the same manner as Loch Maree. from the deposition of alluvial matter along the coast. Its aim is thus to give as briefly as possible a description of the earth as a whole, and an account of the forces affecting the surface and the crust. In the name Kinlochewe, meaning head of Loch Ewe, a place now- standing at the head of Loch Maree in Ross-shire, we have an interesting piece of evidence showing that this lake has been so formed since the region was first inhabited by a Celtic race; and Dr. With regard to this last topic it is to be noted that the historical sketch appended to each section deals only with that part of the history that may properly be held to belong to geography, and in many cases all that could be attempted within our limits of space was to give the date from which the part of the earth treated of has formed a separate political division. 689); and sometimes their basins are due to barriers that have been thrown across the mouths of gorges or shallower depressions. The different countries and regions composing that continent are then de- scribed separately, and under each the same topics are treated in greater detail, while in addition notices are supplied relating to trade and com- merce, means of communication, government and defence, the chief towns, and the historical vicissitudes of the territories. Very often lakes occupy the craters of extinct volcanoes (see p. and 126 E., that is, to convert into land the whole area between China and the peninsula of Corea. Where the declivity of a river-bed is steep and irregular the river flows with great rapidity and with much tumult of its waters. From the rate of sedimentation ascertained for the Yangtsekiang, the Peiho, and the Hoangho, it has been calculated that 36,000 years would suffice to fill up the Yellow Sea as far as 29 N.
In other cases lake-basins are formed by subsidences of the upper strata of the earth, in consequence, it may be, of the strata lying beneath being dissolved away by the action of water.
LONDON: BLACKIE & SON, 49 & 50 OLD BAILEY, KG; GLASGOW, EDINBURGH, AND DUBLIN. The introduction, extending to 100 pages, embraces all that is generally included under the term Physiography or Physical Geography. In this way, as is proved by the remains of marine animals found in the lakes, have been formed all the large lakes of North and Central America, all the large lakes south of the Alps (Maggiore, Como, &c.), and all those of Sweden, Northern Russia, Central Asia, and Siberia.
Sa, EDITOR AND TRANSLATOR OF "SWITZERLAND: ITS SCENERY AND ITS PEOPLE.' ILLUSTRATED BY NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD AND COLOURED MAPS AND PLATES. THE work to which the title of The World as It Is has been given contains a complete though concise and general account of the surface of our earth, its products, and inhabitants. of the elevation of the sea-bed above the surface, the hollows of that bed then forming valleys and lake-basins.
Sometimes the strata may split asunder so as to lie at an angle to one another and leave a basin between them as shown in section in Fig. Sometimes the strata on one side of the rupture may slip down against those on the other side forming what geologists call a fault. 15.) The whole of the Jordan valley lies in a depression so caused.
.193 Imperial Territory of Alsace-Lor- raine, 195 German Grand Duchies: Baden, 198 Hesse, . Thus Lake Sir-i-kol in Central Asia, at the north-eastern extremity of the Hindu Kush mountains, is 15,600 feet above the sea-level; while not only is the Dead Sea 1300 feet below Greatest depth ! The rupturing of rocks may take place in various ways.